There are various methods used in bariatric surgery. Gastric bypass surgery is also among them. Thailand is one of the most preferred countries among medical tourists. For this reason , many people wonder about gastric bypass prices in Thailand .
In gastric bypass surgery, a large part of the stomach is bypassed. In this way, the preparation of a small-volume stomach section is carried out. This small stomach section is also stitched to the intestines and the process is completed.
What is Gastric Bypass?
Roux -en-Y , is the name given to bariatric surgery methods that restrict food intake, as well as reduce nutrient absorption, which causes changes in intestinal functions . Bariatric surgery emerges as a general term covering the treatment of morbid obesity patients.
gastric bypass method , the processes of changing the structures of the stomach and intestines are performed. With the reduction of stomach volume, restrictions on food intake occur. With the change in the intestinal structure, nutrient absorption decreases.
morbid obesity , this method is also used to treat hypertension, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea and other comorbid conditions. Thanks to gastric bypass, it has been determined that there is a 40% reduction in the long-term mortality rate of the patients .
What are the Gastric Bypass Types?
Gastric bypass operation is a method that can be performed in 3 different ways.
Roux -En-Y (Distal)
In this process, changes are made in the small intestine structures. As a result of the changes, mainly starch and fats, as well as various minerals and fat-soluble vitamins are malabsorbed. Nutritional side effects are more likely to occur.
Roux -En-Y (Proximal)
it is the method that causes the least nutritional problems , it has the feature of being a frequently used gastric bypass type . In addition, it is known that it is a frequently used bariatric surgery method in the USA. With this method, most of the absorptive functions of the small intestine are preserved. People treated in this way feel full for short periods of time when they eat.
Loop Gastric Bypass (Mini Gastric Bypass)
Loop reconstruction is used in this method . It is a method that is rarely used because it is simple to do and it is an alternative to the Roux -En-Y procedure thanks to the development of laparoscopic surgery.
How is Gastric Bypass Surgery Performed?
Gastric bypass surgery is performed in two stages. In the first stage, the upper part of the stomach is divided into a small part and a large lower part. Thus, what is eaten is collected in the small part of the stomach. The small part of the stomach can only support 28 grams of weight. Thus, patients can reach the feeling of fullness quickly even though they eat less.
bypass process called bridging is applied. At this stage, a structural change is made in the small intestines of the patient. The small intestinal tract is shortened and thus less absorption of nutrients is ensured. Here, the first part of the intestine is skipped and the small part formed in the stomach and the lower parts of the intestine are connected to each other.
The food people eat will first go to the small pouch in the stomach and then to the second part of the intestine. Thanks to this surgical method, most of the stomach and part of the intestines are removed from the gastrointestinal tract. Thus, patients both eat less and absorb less calories from meals.
What are the Surgical Methods Used in Gastric Bypass Surgery?
gastric bypass application , surgical method selection procedures are performed by taking into consideration the conditions and wishes of the patients. A total of 3 different surgical methods are used in these surgeries.
Robotic surgery is a procedure performed with a few small incisions in the abdomen of patients. Since these incisions are small, patients return to their normal lives more easily after surgery. Recovery times are very short.
open surgery method, a large incision is made in the abdomen of the patients. The biggest advantage of this method is that surgeons can see patients' tissues very clearly. The size of the incisions affects the daily return as well as the healing processes.
In laparoscopic surgery , several small incisions are made in the abdomen of the patients. Thanks to the camera called laparoscope , the inside of the patients is seen in 2D and the operation is completed in this way.
What are the Positive Effects of Gastric Bypass Procedure on Health?
Gastric bypass surgery is a method mostly used for the treatment of obesity . It has positive effects on the healing of many diseases associated with overweight. The positive effects of this surgery on health;
· It reduces the incidence of venous thromboembolic diseases that cause leg swelling.
· After the surgery, people lose more than half of their excess weight in a 1-year period. In the next process, the rate of weight loss slows down and approximately 80% of the weight is lost in the 2nd year. Some chronic diseases caused by excess weight are also healed in this way.
· When people get rid of their excess weight, their self-confidence will be restored.
· A large increase in recovery rates occurs in patients with hyperlipidemia.
· Due to excess weight, the load on the waist and knee areas of the patients is reduced. As a result, there is an increase in the recovery rates of diseases such as osteoarthritis that occur in the knee and foot regions.
· There is an increase in recovery rates in patients with essential hypertension.
· Improvement is also very high in asthma patients.
Preparation Before Gastric Bypass
Before gastric bypass surgery, patients are given a diet program. In this way, some weight loss is achieved. In addition to reducing the size of the liver, the risk situations related to the surgery are also minimized. If patients use alcohol and cigarettes, it is an important issue to minimize or even completely stop them for a while. In this way, the healing processes will also be much faster.
Routine examinations are applied to the patients before the operation. In this way, evaluations are made about whether the patients are suitable for surgery. Patients who will undergo bariatric surgery should be fasting for at least 10 hours before the examinations. In addition, they must be without water for 8 hours. If there is no problem as a result of the test, gastric bypass surgery can be performed.
How is Gastric Bypass Applied?
· Gastric bypass is usually performed by laparoscopic methods.
· The procedure is an obesity surgery performed under general anesthesia.
· By opening 4 to 6 holes with a diameter of 1 cm, the stomach and surrounding tissues can be easily reached.
· Imaging is performed with some of the surgical instruments. While the examination procedures are performed, the operation is completed with other instruments.
· is ensured that the stomach is divided into two parts so that a 5% portion remains at the junction of the stomach with the pharynx .
· The two-piece part of the stomach remains inside and the reconstructed stomach is connected to the small intestine and the process is completed.
Considerations After Gastric Bypass
After gastric bypass surgery, patients need to stay in the hospital for 3 to 5 days. In this process, all medical care and controls should be done. In addition, it is an important issue to pay attention to nutritional recommendations in this process. It is important for people to stay away from carbonated drinks and ready-to-eat foods after surgery.
Gastric Bypass Surgery in Thailand
Thailand also attracts the attention of many international tourists with its developments in the field of medicine. Every year, thousands of medical tourists prefer Thailand for both treatment and vacation. Gastric bypass surgery is also among the surgeries performed successfully in the country. You can contact us to get information about gastric bypass surgery in Thailand .